Steve Bradley, group managing director of Vision, outlines the role digital shared care platforms will play in enabling the successful transition to a local shared services model
Over the past decade, vanguard GP practices have led the way in reimagining primary care service delivery and transforming the patient experience.
Tri Locality Care (TLC), a federation of nine doctors surgeries in Hampshire, provides a number of local federated services including evening and weekend appointments, phlebotomy, woundcare, and a transformation team to identify vulnerable patients and those at high risk of hospital admission.
And, within a year, the Richmond GP Alliance (RGPA) was able to see an extra 650 patients per week, with a 25% reduction in walk-in centre attendance and no increase in A&E attendance, compared to a 10% national increase.
Such successes have inspired a significant overhaul of NHS delivery objectives, with the concept of social prescribing underpinned by shared service delivery now embedded through the creation of Primary Care Networks (PCN).
But how do PCNs prioritise shared service creation and balance the needs of the local community with the seven national service specifications, while also reducing the burden on core GP services?
And how can both patient and clinician resistance to data sharing be overcome and clinicians be incentivised and encouraged to collaborate across networks?
The need for change within primary care is clear.
Services are already oversubscribed, with GP numbers simply not keeping up with the huge rise in demand.
And, according to the BMA, the average wait for a GP appointment has exceeded two weeks for the first time, and nearly nine in ten GPs say that excessive workload is preventing them from providing safe, quality care.
According to the BMA, the average wait for a GP appointment has exceeded two weeks for the first time, and nearly nine in ten GPs say that excessive workload is preventing them from providing safe, quality care
Furthermore, recruitment and retention of clinicians remains a major concern, with GP numbers falling by more than 1,000 since 2015, despite the government committing them to expanding the workforce by 5,000 by the end of this year.
With government policy firmly focused on shifting patients out of hospital and back into primary care wherever possible, the burden continues to increase: and the way services are delivered has to be reimagined if existing clinical resources have any chance of meeting demand.>
The good news is that patients, while potentially concerned about moving away from the traditional one-to-one GP relationship, are generally positive about the shift to a shared service model, particularly the combination of rapid appointments and access to specialised services such as woundcare support.
For clinicians, however, the transition from vanguard, GP-led innovative local service delivery to an imposed and targeted government strategy under the PCN model is creating challenges – both cultural and operational.
A recent report from the BMA reveals that while GPs recognise PCNs could make a positive difference; there are serious concerns about the workload, with almost two thirds (63%) of clinical directors saying the workload of practices in their network was unmanageable.
Furthermore, while shared service delivery to date has been achieved by federations inspired by their own local patient needs and resource challenges; PCNs have very-specific targets which will drive strategy.
Codifying the goals of PCNs is clearly important to achieve consistency of shared service delivery models across England.
PCNs will be expected to provide a wide range of primary care services to patients, involving a wider set of staff roles than might be feasible in individual practices, such as first-contact physiotherapy, extended access, and social prescribing.
Networks will receive specific funding for clinical pharmacists and social prescribing link workers in 2019/20, with funding for physiotherapists, physician associates and paramedics in subsequent years.
Culturally, the successful evolution towards shared service delivery will demand a number of changes – from attitudes towards data sharing among both patients and clinicians, to the way clinicians record data, and achieving effective collaboration between teams that may not have chosen to work together
Culturally, the successful evolution towards shared service delivery will demand a number of changes – from attitudes towards data sharing among both patients and clinicians, to the way clinicians record data, and achieving effective collaboration between teams that may not have chosen to work together.
While working towards the seven national service specifications, for PCN clinical directors and GP practice leads; the initial focus must be to determine the service requirements of the local patient community.
It is essential to be clear sighted about the services the PCN will offer, both to avoid replicating a shared service already delivered locally – either within an existing federation or other local PCN – and, fundamentally, to ensure the new roles and services created by the PCN will reduce the burden on the core GP business.
Woundcare is a good example of a small patient cohort that demands significant clinical time and can be difficult to resource.
With GPs able to book patients into a shared woundcare clinic, pressure on the practice is reduced while patients gain rapid and consistent access to specialist nurses, resulting in fewer hospital visits.
Employing a community pharmacist to take the burden of medication review from local GP practices is another example of effectively utilising the power of the PCN model to both meet NHS targets for reducing over-medication while also cutting the burden on GPs.
For clinical directors the goal is to balance what the PCN has been asked to achieve by the NHS with what is required locally and, critically, take the pressure off the clinicians.
Leveraging existing shared services within local federations will be an important starting point; but it is also essential to avoid embracing complex technical deployments.
Data sharing is essential in any shared services model, but that does not require extensive technology overhaul. For example, a shared appointment booking system enables clinicians in different teams and locations to book appointments across multiple shared services.
Clinician education will also be required to ensure data is recorded consistently, particularly for GPs working with long-term patients who would traditionally not need to complete detailed notes.
In any shared service model every clinician needs to immediately gain access to consistent patient information to deliver the service. From a patient’s condition(/s), to the existing care plan, and the clinician’s reasoning behind a decision; the way in which data is recorded is absolutely fundamental to the success of shared service delivery.
Again, however, there is no need to embark upon long, complex and expensive technology projects.
Digital shared care platforms can provide not only visibility of patient records, but also enable effective resource management.
Primary care services are in transition, but with good planning and strong management, PCNs can change the course of local service delivery and improve the experience for both patients and clinicians
With standard templates that leverage, for example, NICE guidelines on the management of long-term conditions, consistent data recording can be layered over existing solutions to ensure effective information sharing across all patient touchpoints, from hubs to GP surgeries.
This data provides a resource for better understanding of trends in patient needs, which will inform ongoing service creation, as well as foundation for improving workflow management across the PCN to enhance clinician collaboration.
Shared service delivery is becoming a fundamental component of primary care and while this is challenging, new PCNs can learn from the success of mature federations across the country.
From direct access to physiotherapists, to centralised mental health management; shared service models are providing patients with better access to specialists and joined-up collaborative care from the whole healthcare community.
For clinicians, the benefits are also tangible, from reducing workload with direct referrals to reduced travel time and the ability to make more-informed patient decisions.
Primary care services are in transition, but with good planning and strong management, PCNs can change the course of local service delivery and improve the experience for both patients and clinicians.